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长臂挖掘机“四轮一带”的养护工作内容

日期:2022-05-11   来源:http://www.dybocheng.com
有时候能听到很多车主说到自家的挖掘机出现各种各样的故障,几乎这些都是关乎挖掘机四轮一带的问题。四轮一带可以说直接关系到挖掘机的工作性能和行走性能,要想挖掘机行走、速度快,养护工作的进行是关键。
Sometimes I can hear many car owners say that their excavators have various faults, almost all of which are related to the four wheels of the excavator. It can be said that the four-wheel belt is directly related to the working performance and walking performance of the excavator. The maintenance work is the key to the fast walking and speed of the excavator.
支重轮
Supporting wheel
工作中,尽量避免挖掘机长时间浸泡在泥水中。每天工作完成后,应支撑单边履带,并带动行走电机抖落履带上的泥土、碎石等杂物。冬季施工时,必须保持挖掘机干燥,因为挖掘机外轮与轴之间有浮动密封。如果有水,它会在晚上结冰。第二天移动挖掘机时,会损坏密封件和冰块。划痕会导致漏油。挖掘机的损坏会导致很多故障,如行走偏斜、行走无力等。
During work, try to avoid the excavator soaking in muddy water for a long time. After the daily work is completed, support the unilateral track and drive the traveling motor to shake off the dirt, gravel and other sundries on the track. During construction in winter, the excavator must be kept dry because there is a floating seal between the outer wheel and the shaft of the excavator. If there is water, it will freeze at night. When moving the excavator the next day, the seals and ice will be damaged. Scratches can cause oil leakage. The damage of excavator will lead to many faults, such as walking deflection, walking weakness and so on.
托链轮
Carrier sprocket
承载轮位于X架上方,其作用是保持链轨的直线运动。如果承载轮损坏,履带链轨将无法保持直线。一次将润滑油注入支撑链轮。如有漏油,只能更换新的。工作中,尽量避免托辊长时间浸入泥水中。过多的污垢和砾石堆积,阻碍了惰辊的旋转。
The bearing wheel is located above the X-frame and its function is to maintain the linear movement of the chain rail. If the carrier wheel is damaged, the track chain rail will not be able to maintain a straight line. Fill the support sprocket with lubricating oil at one time. If there is oil leakage, it can only be replaced with a new one. During work, try to avoid the idler immersing in muddy water for a long time. Excessive accumulation of dirt and gravel hinders the rotation of the idler roll.
长臂挖掘机租赁
引导轮
Guide wheel
引导轮位于X架前部,由引导轮和安装在X架内部的拉簧组成。在作业和行走的过程中,保持导轮在前面,这样可以避免链轨的异常磨损,张紧弹簧还可以吸收工作时路面带来的冲击,减少磨损。
The guide wheel is located in the front of the X-frame and is composed of the guide wheel and the tension spring installed inside the X-frame. In the process of operation and walking, keep the guide wheel in front, so as to avoid abnormal wear of the chain rail. The tension spring can also absorb the impact of the road during operation and reduce wear.
驱动轮
Drive wheel
驱动轮位于X车架的后部,因为它直接固定在X车架上,没有减震功能。如果驱动轮在前面行驶,不仅会导致驱动齿圈和链轨出现异常磨损,还会对X车架产生不利影响。X框架可能存在早期开裂等问题。行走马达护板可以保护马达。同时,内部空间会引入一些泥土和碎石,会磨损行驶电机的油管。土壤中的水分会腐蚀油管的接头,所以要定期打开护板。清理里面的污垢。
The drive wheel is located at the rear of the X frame because it is directly fixed on the X frame and has no damping function. If the driving wheel drives in front, it will not only cause abnormal wear of the driving ring gear and chain rail, but also adversely affect the X frame. X frame may have problems such as early cracking. The travel motor guard protects the motor. At the same time, some soil and gravel will be introduced into the internal space, which will wear the oil pipe of the driving motor. The moisture in the soil will corrode the joint of the oil pipe, so open the guard plate regularly. Clean up the dirt inside.
履带
track
长臂挖掘机租赁人员在此讲解,履带主要由履带板和链节组成,履带板分为标准板和加长板。标准板用于土方条件,加长板用于潮湿条件。矿山中履带板的磨损很为严重,行走时砂石有时会卡在两板之间的缝隙中。
The leasing personnel of long arm excavator explain here that the track is mainly composed of track shoes and chain links, and the track shoes are divided into standard plates and extended plates. Standard boards are used for earthwork conditions and extended boards are used for wet conditions. The wear of crawler shoes is very serious in mines. When walking, sand and gravel sometimes get stuck in the gap between the two plates.
当转向与地面接触时,两块板会受到挤压,履带板容易弯曲变形。长期行走也会造成履带板螺栓开裂问题。链节与主动齿圈接触,由齿圈带动转动。履带张力过大会导致链节、齿圈和惰轮过早磨损。因此,应根据不同的施工路况调整履带的张紧度。
When the steering is in contact with the ground, the two plates will be squeezed, and the track shoes are easy to bend and deform. Long term walking will also cause cracking of track shoe bolts. The chain link is in contact with the driving gear ring, which drives it to rotate. Excessive track tension will lead to premature wear of chain links, ring gears and idlers. Therefore, the tension of the crawler should be adjusted according to different construction road conditions.
长臂挖掘机“四轮一带”的养护工作内容已经讲解完毕了,如果您在平常中经常能发现故障的出现,那么就应该赶紧的去找维修技术人员看看了。更多内容您可以在网站www.dybocheng.com新闻了解。
The maintenance work of the "four wheel area" of the long arm excavator has been explained. If you can often find faults in normal times, you should quickly go to professional maintenance technicians. More information can be found at www.bodycheng.com Com news.


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