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挖掘机加长臂操作有些事项要注意!

日期:2024-01-13   来源:http://www.dybocheng.com

挖掘机对于工程建设的作用相比不用我多说,大家也都了解的很清楚了,它属于重工型机械设备,如今更是普遍的采用挖掘机加长臂来进行施工,因为使用它所具备的一些操作性能是很高的,但是在使用过程中一定要多多注意一些细节方面的问题,接下来为您介绍。

I don't need to say much about the role of excavators in engineering construction. Everyone knows very well that excavators belong to heavy industry machinery and equipment. Nowadays, it is common to use excavators with extended arms for construction, because some of its operational performance is high. However, it is important to pay more attention to some details during use. Next, we will introduce it to you.

由于挖掘机加长臂比标准臂更长更重动作惯性更大,因此,操作时比标准臂要轻,各操纵过程应平稳,动作不宜过快过猛,不宜紧急制动。

Due to the fact that the extended arm of the excavator is longer, heavier, and has greater inertia than the standard arm, the operation should be lighter than the standard arm. Each control process should be smooth, and the action should not be too fast or too strong. Emergency braking is not recommended.

挖斗容量按出厂标准配置使用,严禁更换使用大容量的挖斗。

The capacity of the excavator bucket should be configured according to the factory standard, and it is strictly prohibited to replace it with a larger capacity excavator bucket.

挖掘机的作业和行走场地应平整坚实,对松软地面应垫以枕木或垫板,沼泽地区应先作路基处理,或更换湿地专用履带板。

The operation and walking site of excavators should be flat and solid. Sleepers or pads should be placed on soft ground. In swampy areas, roadbed treatment should be carried out first, or wetland specific track plates should be replaced.

使用前,履带式挖掘机的驱动轮应置于作业面的后方。

Before use, the driving wheels of the tracked excavator should be placed behind the working surface.

平整作业场地时,不得用铲斗进行横扫或用铲斗对地面进行夯实。

When leveling the work site, it is not allowed to sweep horizontally with a bucket or compact the ground with a bucket.

挖掘机作业时,除松散土壤外,其开挖高度和深度,不应超过机械本身性能规定。反铲作业时,履带距工作面边缘距离应大于2.0m。

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During excavator operation, except for loose soil, the excavation height and depth should not exceed the performance specifications of the machinery itself. During backhoe operations, the distance between the track and the edge of the working surface should be greater than 2.0m.

作业前检查项目应符合下列要求:照明信号及报警装置等齐全有效;燃油润滑油液压油符合规定;各铰接部分连接可靠;液压系统无泄露现象。

The pre homework inspection items should meet the following requirements: lighting signals and alarm devices should be complete and effective; The fuel, lubricating oil, and hydraulic oil meet the regulations; The connection of each hinged part is reliable; There is no leakage in the hydraulic system.

作业时挖掘机应尽量保持水平位置,将行走机构制动住,并将履带揳紧。

During operation, the excavator should maintain a horizontal position as much as possible, brake the walking mechanism, and tighten the tracks.

遇到较大的坚硬石块或障碍物时,应待清除后方可开挖,不得用铲斗破碎石块冻土或用单边斗齿硬啃。

When encountering large hard stones or obstacles, excavation can only be carried out after they have been cleared. It is not allowed to use a bucket to break the frozen soil of the stones or to use a single side bucket tooth to gnaw hard.

挖掘悬崖时,应采取防护措施。作业面不得留有伞沿及松动的大石块,当发现有塌方危险时,应立即处理或将挖掘机撤至安全地带。

When excavating cliffs, protective measures should be taken. There should be no umbrella edges or loose large stones left on the work surface. When there is a risk of collapse, it should be dealt with immediately or the excavator should be evacuated to a safe area.

作业时应待机身稳定后再挖土,当铲斗未离开工作面时,不得作回转行走等动作。回转制动时,应使用回转制动器,不得用转向离合器反转制动。

When doing homework, it is necessary to wait for the machine body to stabilize before digging. When the bucket has not left the working face, it is not allowed to make actions such as turning back and walking. When turning the brake, the turning brake should be used, and the steering clutch should not be used for reverse braking.

颤抖升降不得过猛,下降时,不得碰撞车架或履带。

Trembling lifting should not be too violent, and when descending, it should not collide with the frame or tracks.

动臂斗杆在抬高及回转时,不得碰到洞壁沟槽侧面及其他物体。

When lifting and rotating the boom, it must not touch the side of the tunnel wall groove or other objects.

作业中当液压缸伸缩将达到极限位时,应动作平稳,不得冲撞极限块。

When the hydraulic cylinder reaches its limit position during homework, it should move smoothly and not collide with the limit block.

作业中当需制动时,应将变速阀置于低速位置。

When braking is required during homework, the variable speed valve should be placed in the low-speed position.

作业中当发现挖掘力突然变化,应停机检查,严禁在未查明原因前擅自调整分配阀压力。

When there is a sudden change in excavation force during homework, the machine should be stopped for inspection. It is strictly prohibited to adjust the distribution valve pressure without identifying the cause.

作业中不得打开压力表开关,切不得将工况选择阀的操纵手柄放在高速档位置。

Do not turn on the pressure gauge switch during homework, and do not place the operating handle of the working condition selection valve in the high gear position.



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